How to Fix Gap Teeth: Tips and Treatments

  • Mulki Sulaeman
  • Jan 26, 2023
How to Fix Gap Teeth: Tips and Treatments

Understanding Gap Teeth

Gap teeth, also known as diastema, refer to spaces between two or more teeth in your mouth. This common dental condition can be caused by a variety of factors, including genetics, abnormal jaw bone growth or size, poor oral habits, and gum disease.

Gap teeth are more common in children but can also occur in adults. In some cultures, gap teeth are considered a symbol of beauty and attractiveness. However, others may feel self-conscious or unhappy with their diastema.

If you’re looking to fix gap teeth, there are several treatment options available.

Causes of Gap Teeth

Gap teeth, also known as diastema, is a common dental condition that occurs when there is a noticeable space or gap between the teeth. While most people view gap teeth as a cosmetic issue, it can be a result of several underlying dental conditions. Here are some of the main causes that lead to gap teeth:

Misaligned Teeth

Teeth that are misaligned are one of the leading causes of gap teeth. Misaligned teeth can be a result of several reasons, including genetics, or an injury caused to the mouth. When teeth move out of their original position, it creates an empty gap between them. Over time, the gap widens, leading to a cosmetic issue that many people want to fix.

Difference in Jaw and Tooth Size

Another reason for gap teeth is a difference in jaw and tooth size. When the jaw is too large compared to the size of the teeth, it creates excess space between them. This can cause a gap in the teeth which, if not treated, can become more prominent with time. Similarly, if the size of the teeth is too small, it can also result in a gap between them.

Habits Such as Thumb-Sucking

Habits such as thumb-sucking can also lead to gap teeth in children. The pressure from sucking the thumb can cause the front teeth to push forward, resulting in spaces between them. While the gap may close over time after the child stops the habit, it may require medical treatment in severe cases to fix.

Gum Disease

Gum disease is another cause of gap teeth. Also known as periodontitis, gum disease occurs when the gum tissues in the mouth become inflamed and start to break down. When the gum tissues recede, it creates gaps between the teeth that can result in diastema. Treating gum disease can help the teeth to realign and fill the gaps.

Missing Teeth

Missing teeth can cause gap teeth, especially if they are not replaced. When a tooth is missing, the surrounding teeth can shift to fill the gap, resulting in excess space between the other teeth. This can lead to a more significant gap if the missing tooth is not replaced, eventually leading to dental problems such as decay and gum disease.


While gap teeth can be a cosmetic issue for some people, it can also lead to dental problems if not treated. Understanding the underlying causes of gap teeth can help in finding the right treatment. If you have gap teeth, it is always best to consult with a qualified dentist to address the issue and find the right solution for you.

Treatments for Gap Teeth

If you have gap teeth, you may feel self-conscious about your smile. But don’t worry, there are several treatments available to fix gaps between teeth. Each treatment has its own benefits and limitations, so it’s important to speak to your dentist to determine which one is suitable for you. In this article, we’ll go over the three common treatments for gap teeth, including orthodontic treatments, dental bonding, and veneers.

Orthodontic Treatments

Orthodontic treatments such as braces and clear aligners are designed to move your teeth into their proper position. Braces use brackets and wires to slowly shift your teeth into alignment, while clear aligners use a series of clear, removable trays to gradually move your teeth. While these options may seem daunting and time-consuming, orthodontic treatment is often the most effective way to fix large gaps between your teeth.

The length of treatment will vary depending on the severity of your case, but you can generally expect to wear braces for 18 to 24 months. Clear aligners, on the other hand, can take anywhere from 6 to 18 months to complete the treatment. During this time, it’s important to maintain good oral hygiene habits and attend regular checkups with your orthodontist to ensure that your treatment is progressing properly.

Dental Bonding

If you have a small gap between your teeth, dental bonding may be an option for you. Dental bonding is a quick and easy procedure that involves applying a tooth-colored resin to the surface of your teeth to fill in the gaps. The resin is hardened with a special light, which bonds it to your teeth and gives it a natural-looking finish.

While dental bonding is a less invasive option than braces or veneers, it’s important to note that it may not be as long-lasting. Depending on your lifestyle and oral habits, the bonding material may chip or wear down over time, which could lead to the need for repair or replacement.


Veneers are thin, custom-made shells that are placed over the front surface of your teeth to improve their appearance. They are typically made of a porcelain material that resembles your natural teeth and are bonded to the front of your teeth to hide any imperfections, including gaps.

The process of getting veneers typically involves two visits to your dentist. During the first visit, your dentist will take impressions of your teeth and prepare them by removing a small amount of enamel from the surface. This allows the veneers to fit properly and securely on your teeth. The impressions are then sent to a dental lab, where the veneers are custom-made to fit your teeth. During the second visit, your dentist will bond the veneers to the surface of your teeth using a special cement.

Veneers are a long-lasting solution for fixing gaps between your teeth, and with proper care, they can last for 10 to 15 years or even longer. However, they are also the most expensive option, and the process is irreversible as your teeth will need to be permanently altered to accommodate the veneers.


Fixing gap teeth can help boost your confidence and improve your overall oral health. Whether you decide to go with braces, dental bonding, or veneers, it’s important to speak to your dentist to determine which treatment options are best suited for you. Remember, regardless of which treatment you choose, it’s important to maintain good oral hygiene habits and attend regular checkups with your dentist to ensure the success of your treatment.

At-Home Remedies for Gap Teeth

Having a gap between your teeth can sometimes be a cosmetic concern. While some people embrace this natural quirk, some individuals may feel self-conscious about their gap teeth and may want to fix them. If you’re one of those individuals who want to close those gaps without undergoing any dental procedures, then here are some at-home remedies you can try:

Tongue Training

Did you know that your tongue can help close the gap between your teeth? Tongue thrusting exercises train your tongue to push against your front teeth and promote a change in dental alignment over time. To do this, place the tip of your tongue against your front teeth and gently push it backward for five seconds. This exercise helps to work your tongue muscles and reduce the gap between your teeth.

Dental Bands or a Retainer

Wearing dental bands or a retainer is another at-home remedy that can help fix gap teeth. They work by applying constant pressure on the teeth to gradually move them into place. However, please do note that you should never attempt any orthodontic treatment without consulting with your dentist. They will evaluate the severity of the gap and recommend the appropriate course of treatment.

Oil Pulling

Oil pulling is an ancient practice to improve oral health that involves swishing oil in your mouth for at least 15-20 minutes. It helps to remove bacteria and plaque that may be causing gaps between your teeth. While this technique cannot close the gap fully, it can help to improve the overall dental health of your mouth.

Use Teeth Gap Bands

Teeth gap bands are an elastic band that can be placed around your teeth. You should wear the teeth gap bands for about 30-45 minutes per day, and at least 6-8 hours every week. The bands will apply pressure to the teeth and they will begin to move closer together. Be sure to consult with your dentist before attempting to use teeth gap bands.

While these at-home remedies can help you close the gap between your teeth, it’s essential to remember that not all cases of gap teeth can be fixed with these remedies alone. If you are considering any dental treatment, please schedule an appointment with your dentist. They will evaluate your condition and suggest the most suitable treatment plan for your unique situation.

Preventing Gap Teeth

Gap teeth, or diastema, is a condition where there is a noticeable space between two or more teeth. While some individuals may embrace this unique trait, others may want to explore options to fix it. While many treatments are available to fix gap teeth, prevention is the best solution. Here are some tips on how to prevent gap teeth:

1. Good dental hygiene

Good dental hygiene is critical in preventing most dental conditions, including gap teeth. Brushing twice a day, flossing daily, and using mouthwash can help maintain healthy teeth and prevent the accumulation of plaque. This simple habit can also prevent gum disease and tooth decay, which can contribute to diastema.

2. Preventative measures

Preventative measures such as wearing a retainer or space maintainer can help prevent gap teeth. A retainer is a custom-made device that is worn to hold teeth in their proper position after braces treatment. Similarly, a space maintainer is used to hold space for permanent teeth, preventing them from shifting or moving in an undesirable way.

3. Losing baby teeth naturally

Letting baby teeth fall out naturally can also prevent gap teeth. Avoiding early extraction of baby teeth can help the permanent teeth shift into their proper position naturally. It’s also important to ensure that your child is not losing their baby teeth prematurely, which can cause the nearby teeth to shift and create gaps.

4. Avoiding thumb sucking and other bad habits

Thumb sucking or using pacifiers beyond the recommended age can cause the front teeth to shift forward and create a gap. Other habits like biting nails, chewing on pencils, or other objects can also cause diastema. It’s essential to avoid these habits, especially in young children, to prevent gap teeth.

5. Regular dental check-ups

Regular dental check-ups can help identify potential dental issues before they become severe. A thorough exam by a dentist will help detect any potential gap teeth-related concerns and take preventive measures.

Preventing gap teeth is easier than treating it later on. By following these tips mentioned above, you may be able to avoid dealing with unwanted space between your teeth altogether. Consulting with your dentist can be beneficial in understanding your oral health and discussing preventative measures.

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